Philosophical Transactions A: Climate change and diminishing seasonality in Arctic benthic processes

Nathalie Morata1,2, Emma Michaud1, Marie-Aude Poullaouec1, Jérémy Devesa1, Manon Le Goff1, Rudolph Corvaisier1 and Paul E. Renaud2,3 are the authors of the article “Climate change and diminishing seasonality in Arctic benthic processes” published in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. The article is part of the theme issue ‘The changing Arctic Ocean: consequences for biological communities, biogeochemical processes and ecosystem functioning’.

The iconic picture of Arctic marine ecosystems shows an intense pulse of biological productivity around the spring bloom that is sustained while fresh organic matter (OM) is available, after which ecosystem activity declines to basal levels in autumn and winter. We investigated seasonality in benthic biogeochemical cycling at three stations in a high Arctic fjord that has recently lost much of its seasonal ice-cover. Unlike observations from other Arctic locations, we find little seasonality in sediment community respiration and bioturbation rates, although different sediment reworking modes varied through the year. Nutrient fluxes did vary, suggesting that, although OM was processed at similar rates, seasonality in its quality led to spring/summer peaks in inorganic nitrogen and silicate fluxes. These patterns correspond to published information on seasonality in vertical flux at the stations. Largely ice-free Kongsfjorden has a considerable detrital pool in soft sediments which sustain benthic communities over the year. Sources of this include macroalgae and terrestrial runoff. Climate change leading to less ice cover, higher light availability and expanded benthic habitat may lead to more detrital carbon in the system, dampening the quantitative importance of seasonal pulses of phytodetritus to seafloor communities in some areas of the Arctic.

Keywords: bioturbation, Kongsfjorden, nutrient fluxes, phytodetritus, respiration, Svalbard

Reference

Morata, N.; Michaud, E.; Poullaouec, M-A.; Devesa, J.; Le Goff, M.; Corvaisier, R.; Renaud, PE. (2020): Climate change and diminishing seasonality in Arctic benthic processes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 378: 20190369. 10.1098/rsta.2019.0369. [intranet]