Maj Arnberg (Akvaplan-niva), Frederike Keitel-Gröner, Stig Westerlund, Sreerekha Ramanand, Renée K. Bechmann, Thierry Baussant (NORCE) have published the article “Exposure to chemically-dispersed oil is more harmful to early developmental stages of the Northern shrimp Pandalus borealis than mechanically-dispersed oil” in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin.
Knowledge of key species sensitivity for oil spill response (OSR) options is needed to support decision-making and mitigate impact on sensitive life stages of keystone species. Here, Northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) larvae were exposed for 24 h to a gradient (H-High, M-Medium: 10 times dilution and L-Low: 100 times dilution) of mechanically- (MDO) (H < 6 mg/L total hydrocarbon content) and chemically- (CDO) dispersed oil (Slickgone NS, H < 20 mg/L total hydrocarbon content), followed by a recovery period. Larval mortality, feeding rate and development were evaluated.
Overall, the results show that 24 h exposure to field-realistic concentrations of CDO lead to lower survival, reduced feeding rate and slower larval development in P. borealis larvae compared to MDO. These effects persisted during recovery, indicating a higher vulnerability with dispersant use and the need for longer observation periods post-exposure to fully evaluate the consequences for sensitive life-stages from OSR.
Arnberg, M.; Keitel-Gröner, F.; Westerlund, S.; Ramanand, S.; Bechmann, R.K.; Baussant, T. (2019): Exposure to chemically-dispersed oil is more harmful to early developmental stages of the Northern shrimp Pandalus borealis than mechanically-dispersed oil. Marine Pollution Bulletin 145 (2019) 409–417. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.06.039. [intranet]