Basin Research: Nested intrashelf platform clinoforms—Evidence of shelf platform growth exemplified by Lower Cretaceous strata in the Barents Sea

Ivar Midtkandal, Thea Sveva Faleide, Jan Inge Faleide, Sverre Planke, Ingrid Anell, Johan Petter Nystuen from the University of Oslo have published the article “Nested intrashelf platform clinoforms—Evidence of shelf platform growth exemplified by Lower Cretaceous strata in the Barents Sea” in the journal Basin Research.

Abstract:

Two nested clinoform set types of different scales and steepness are mapped and analysed from high‐resolution seismic data. Restoration of post‐depositional faulting reveals a persistent pattern of small‐scale, high‐angle clinoforms contained within platform‐scale, low‐angle clinothems, showing a combined overall progradational depositional system. The large clinoforms lack a well‐defined platform edge, and show a gradual increase in dip from topset to foreset. A consistent recurring stratal pattern is evident from the architecture, and is considered a result of interplay between relative sea‐level change and autocyclic switching of sediment delivery focal points that brought sediment to the platform edge. This un‐interrupted succession records how intra‐shelf platforms prograde. Quantitative clinoform analysis may assist in determining the most influential depositional factors. Post‐depositional uplift and erosion requires restoration with re‐burial to maximum burial depth. Backstripping, decompaction and isostatic correction was performed assuming a range of lithologic compositions, as no wells test the lithology. Nearby wells penetrate strata basinward of the clinoforms, proving mudstone content above 50%, which in turn guide restoration values. Typical restored platform heights are 250–300 m, with correspondingly sized platform‐scale clinoform heights. Typical large‐scale clinoform foreset dip values are 1.3°–2.4°. Small‐scale clinothems are typically 100 m thick, with restored foreset dip angles at 4.4° −>10°. The results suggest that intrashelf platform growth occurs in pulses interrupted by draping of strata over its clinoform profile. The resultant architecture comprises small‐scale clinoforms nested within platform‐scale clinothems.

Keywords:

clinoform, intracratonic basins, sedimentology, sediment burial and decompaction, stratigraphy

Reference:

Midtkandal, I.; Faleide, T.S.; Faleide, J.I.; Planke, S.; Anell, I.; Nystuen, J.P. (2019): Nested intrashelf platform clinoforms—Evidence of shelf platform growth exemplified by Lower Cretaceous strata in the Barents Sea. Basin Research 2019;00:1–8, Special Issue Article. DOI: 10.1111/bre.12377. [intranet]